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IBM Notes in the Cloud

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MWLUG 2016 Presentation

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IBM Notes in the Cloud

  1. 1. IBM Notes in the Cloud Deploying Notes on Zero Clients within VMware View and Streamed via Microsoft RemoteApp
  2. 2. Stephen Beagles Prominic.NET Systems Administrator Stephen@Prominic.NET IBM Certified Advanced System Administrator – Notes and Domino 9.0 Microsoft Certified Professional Avid Craft Beer Brewer
  3. 3. Solutions and a Team You Can Trust
  4. 4. • Goals for this presentation: 1) Outline the benefits of deploying Notes in VMware View and Microsoft RemoteApp environments 2) Provide a 10,000 foot view of the infrastructures needed to deploy and support both technologies 3) Provide guidance on Notes client installation and tips for ensuring optimal performance on both platforms
  5. 5. Two Different Approaches VMware View Workstations on Zero Clients - Full virtualized workstations - Good approach if your Notes use is part of a documented workflow that depends upon multiple pieces of software - Secure access accomplished through Zero client deployment Microsoft RemoteApp - Individual streamed applications - Good approach if your needs are limited to the Notes client and one or two other applications - Secure access to the Notes client from multiple platforms and OSs
  6. 6. • Who this presentation can benefit most: – Administrators looking for new ways to deliver the Notes client and reduce support overhead – Managers looking to reduce infrastructure complexity or total cost of ownership (TCO) – Security personnel looking to centrally manage and safeguard company data
  7. 7. • Administrative benefits – Consistent Notes versioning – Remotely troubleshoot Notes clients with ease – Critical Notes client DBs are stored on redundant file systems
  8. 8. • Investment Management benefits – Reduced Support hours needed to support the Notes deployment on individual physical machines – Workstation Hardware refresh cycle lengthened – Workstation power use greatly reduced as load is on the server, not the local PC.
  9. 9. • Security Benefits – Minimizes the risk of devices with critical business data from walking off site – Centrally managed servers, virtual machines, and software greatly reduces overall attack surface – Remote session protocols are encrypted and minimize man-in- the-middle attacks
  10. 10. VMware View Environment
  11. 11. vSphere View – Infrastructure and Client VMs
  12. 12. • View Server Roles – Composer: Server responsible for preparing workstation VMs for end user use. Tracks linked clone usage. – Connection: Brokers sessions between an end point (zero client) and the workstation VM host – Transfer: Facilitates the transfer of a workstation VM from the primary Host to a local PC – great for offline work – Security: Handles connections from the public Internet to the Connection server
  13. 13. – vCenter Server • Powerful management tool • Allows you to manage VMs residing on multiple ESXi Hosts. • Also facilitates deployment of Windows VMs and ESXi Host maintenance tasks. • Can be run within a Windows Server OS or as a virtual appliance (as in our demo environment pictured previously – minimal SUSE OS). – vCloud Usage Meter • Necessary for VMware to accurately track usage statistics to be used in billing and licensing – Windows Active Directory Other Components
  14. 14. Resource Use and Allocation per Server ESXi Virtualization Hosts - 4GB RAM per 64-bit Windows Workstation recommended at a minimum - 15MB to 60MB extra RAM per Workstation necessary if using PCoIP @ 1080p - 2 vCPUs are recommended for each 64-bit Workstations using PCoIP - Between 10 and 20 IOPS generated by each Workstation / Notes use Connection Server - 4GB of RAM minimum / 10GB for 50+ Workstations Recommended - 1 Gbps Network Connectivity Recommended - IE7-9 / Firefox 3-3.5 to Utilize local View Administrator portal vCenter / View Composer Servers - 4GB of RAM / 2 vCPU recommended for environments between 1 - 2000 VMs - 1 Gbps Network Connectivity Recommended
  15. 15. PCoIP Zero Clients
  16. 16. Benefits of thin / zero client and streamed application use • http://www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/benefits-of-using-thin-and- zero-client-69497/ • http://www.devonit.com/thin-client-education/benefits-of- using-thin-clients • http://www.computerweekly.com/feature/The-return-of-the- thin-client • http://breakingdefense.com/2015/04/thin-clients-persistent- threats-coping-with-the-new-cyber-dangers/
  17. 17. Protocol Route Differences – PCoIP / RDP / HTTPS
  18. 18. Preparing the View Virtual Workstations 1) Create a new Virtual Machine with required specifications 2) Install the Enterprise version of Windows that you want to utilize 3) Install the Notes client using the typical Single-user install method along with any other mission-critical software 4) Make sure the Networking for the workstation is set to use DHCP 5) Install the View Agent – this allows the vCenter and Connection servers to use this template and communicate with any VMs created from it
  19. 19. View Administrator – Web Based Management
  20. 20. View Administrator – Web Based Management Available VM Pools
  21. 21. View Administrator – Web Based Management Virtualized Workstations
  22. 22. View Administrator – Web Based Management View Composer – Refresh, Recompose, and Rebalance
  23. 23. Zero Client End User Experience Zero Client Boot
  24. 24. Zero Client End User Experience Post-Connection to View
  25. 25. Zero Client End User Experience Available Virtual Workstations Listed
  26. 26. Zero Client End User Experience Successful Authentication - Connecting to VM
  27. 27. Zero Client End User Experience Moments later … Notes Open and Working!
  28. 28. • Great tool for ensuring data redundancy and quick return to production after a workstation refresh or recompose – Easily deployable link library and settings via Domino policy – Allows users to backup and roam critical databases from a centralized source -- file system or Domino server database – Also enables you to configure a nearly endless amount of Notes and Eclipse settings, even those resistant to Domino policy Check out our video demonstrating MarvelClient in action: https://vimeo.com/prominic/marvelclientdemo
  29. 29. – Mixing Folder Redirection with VMware’s Persistent Disks can present issues – Some editions of VMware’s Horizon View offer Persona Management, another alternative – Remote Assistance can be configured within Active Directory GP to ensure your IT support can quickly access each workstation – A KMS server should be virtualized and configured to provide adequate Windows licensing for each workstation VM Other Considerations Next up, Microsoft’s RemoteApp …
  30. 30. Microsoft RemoteApp Infrastructure
  31. 31. – Gateway: Public-facing, negotiates sessions – Broker: Maintains user / Session Host sessions – Session Host: Houses published applications – File Server: Primary storage for user profile disks – SQL Server: Necessary for High-availability clustering Microsoft Server Roles
  32. 32. Resource Use and Allocation per Server Session Hosts - Each Notes user utilizes a minimum of 170MB of RAM - Maximum of 10 users per physical CPU core - Minimum of 500 kb/s of networking utilization (SH <-> FS) per user File Servers - Each user session generates 10 IOPS at a minimum - Initiating a user’s session generates at least 200 IOPS Gateway - 1000 connections / second feasible with at least 6 Mb/s connectivity - Network throughput is key Broker - Similar network requirements to Gateway - Solid connectivity to SQL servers key in HA environments
  33. 33. Installing and Publishing Notes Step 1: Execute the Notes 9.0.1 installer and unpack the installation resources to a local directory on each Session Host
  34. 34. Installing and Publishing Notes Step 2: Open up a Command Prompt in the directory with the Notes installation resources and enter the following string: setup.exe /s /v”SETMULTIUSER=1 MULTIUSERBASEDIR=!USERPROFILE! MULTIUSERCOMMONDIR=”C:Program Files (x86)IBMNotes” CITRIX=1″
  35. 35. Installing and Publishing Notes Step 3: Complete the Notes installation wizard as usual NOTE: If the options took hold, you should not see any reference to the location of the Data directory at this step!
  36. 36. Installing and Publishing Notes Step 4: Use Server Manager to Create an App collection and Publish
  37. 37. Installing and Publishing Notes Step 5: Validate the Published Applications are Visible in RD Web Access
  38. 38. • Methods for accessing streamed applications: – RDWeb Gateway Site – Work Resources integration (Windows workstation) – Official Microsoft Remote Desktop app (OS X and Mobile)
  39. 39. Web Access https://gateway.domain.tld/RDWeb
  40. 40. Web Access on MacOS Admin on MacOS!
  41. 41. Web Access on MacOS
  42. 42. Work Resource Integration
  43. 43. Work Resource Integration
  44. 44. Work Resource Integration
  45. 45. MacOS – Remote Desktop App
  46. 46. Administration via Server Manager An all-in-one tool to monitor and administrate
  47. 47. Simplified Notes Client Patching
  48. 48. Simplified Notes Client Patching 10 to 10,000 User Clients Patched in as long as it takes to apply the Fix Pack!
  49. 49. Thank You! If you have questions or interest in utilizing either technology, please contact us! Sales@Prominic.NET 1.877.736.8932 -

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